There is a special legal situation for examinations which has to be observed: Anyone who thinks that they can have their bachelor thesis written, and then submit it directly, is wrong.

Academic work is characterized by a constant process of balancing: Should a topic appear as a subchapter in a work or can it be left out? Which literature should be used? Is this or that author relevant? What about the contributions of other scientific disciplines?

There is also a similar trade-off process when it comes to putting the finishing touches on the work: fellow students and lecturers should, whenever possible, be available as contact persons in all phases of the work, criticizing inadequate texts and suggesting improvements.

But how would it look if the help goes further? For example, if a friend or family not only makes concrete suggestions about how to optimize the work, but also offers to write part of the text? What if he even independently seeks literature and incorporates it?

The budding undergraduate soon gets into a conflict – at least in the explanation that the work was written independently, it should be a matter of anxiety, because the signature has legal consequences.

The situation is similar with the use of ghostwriters. Whilst individual consulting services such as copy-editing, references to literature searches or better structuring of work are certainly unproblematic, the core activity of searching and writing is different: who outsources these tasks, submits the work written by the ghostwriter and explains Having written them yourself, enters a gray area.

Serious agencies point out their customers and offer appropriate advice.